The Chemical industry
The chemical industry is devoted to the extraction and processing of both natural and synthetic raw materials, as well as to turning them into substances whose characteristics differ from those they originally had in order to meet people's needs by improving their quality of life. Its main goal is to manufacture a good quality product at the lowest possible cost by causing the least possible damage to the environment. Raw materials correspond to various natural materials, which are extracted to produce consumer goods. These materials may be classified according to their origin: animal materials, plant materials and mineral materials.
There are two kinds of chemical industries:
Basic chemical industry: basic raw materials are used and intermediate products (which may serve as raw material for other industries) are produced.
Transformation chemical industries: they are oriented to people´s
direct consumption, they use products manufactured by basic
chemical industries. Fine chemistry comprises several specialized
industries (pharmaceutical, fertilizers, pesticides, coloring
b)- Fertilizers, industrial chemistry, plastic products, peroxyacid, resins, elastomers, fibers and coloring agents.
c)- Body care: soap, detergent, whitening products, hair & skin products, fragrances.
d)-Pharmaceutical, agro-chemical, bio-technology.
e)-Textile, automobile, glass, paper, metal.
Chemical products are used for various industrial applications and processes. Some of the major industries that use our chemical products are: